Month: May 2020

Next Generation CyberSecurity Map

Our world has experienced an explosion in the number of solutions, providers, and recommended steps so as to secure a company’s environment and protect it against recent cyberattacks. This is the reason that many enterprises are struggling to get their arms around cybersecurity.  

With so many alternatives and no proper solution, it is a little tricky to know where to start. But, one place to begin is to establish the core elements for a foolproof cybersecurity risk mitigation plan. This plan should incorporate proven elements that have been used by public and private sector players alike for some time. Let us have a look at the roadmap that will facilitate businesses to prepare for a strong cybersecurity foundation. 

Inventory

The first step in the Next Generation Cybersecurity Roadmap is to take a thorough inventory. 

Check for the data assets you have, their accessibility or vulnerability from external and internal threats, the information you have that would attract hackers, personally identifiable information, financial data, client information, transaction-related data. This is not it. All those assets that your company considers as “crown jewels” and the outsiders find it very attractive should be taken into consideration. You must check for all the data that is segmented or separate so as to know a single attack or penetration will allow for the level of loss of critical information. 

All this detail will be critical to help your company determine what is most important, where the highest level of protection is required and where & how to focus your efforts as you move into the evaluation of existing protections.

Evaluate Existing Protections

The next step in the Next Generation Cybersecurity Roadmap to cybersecurity is establishing what tools, processes, and resources your company already has in place to protect the data assets. For instance, does your organization have “CISO in a box” or any other third-party provided solutions? 

Cataloging your resource skills and determining if more training will be required to address the current threat landscape is the right point to start. You can check the retention steps that your company takes to ensure that your staff is happy and engaged. According to research, particularly the labor market for tech, cyber is red-hot and people are leaving their current employers for 2, 3, 4, or more job offers at a time. 

You must take some time to evaluate the internal and third-party services and tools that are in use. You must keep a check on how these tools align with the cyber landscape and how third-party service providers have differentiated themselves in demonstrating consistent value and thought leadership to your company.

You must also confirm that your data is backed-up comprehensively and regularly and you should also determine what relationships are already in place with law enforcement resources. You must know who to call and how they will respond before a breach happens.

Create Your Cybersecurity Forecast & Test It

The third step is to create a forecasted view of the future. For this, you can utilize sources of cyber threat intelligence, combine it with expertise so as to analyze the intelligence and identify the threats relative to your company’s operations. There are multiple threat intelligence sources, coming from a variety of providers, like some are paid, some are free, some are from private sector sources, and some are more public and broadly available.

Obtaining threat intelligence is one step, but being able to analyze and understand what is actually important and meaningful for your company can be a little challenging.

You must develop and manage test runs for cyber breaches to provide practice opportunities and determine what happens and how parties should act, in case a cyber breach occurs. These test runs can include performing red team exercises annually, including every key player in the company, from CEO to down. 

This tabletop exercise is often where the real story is told because you may not want to learn that you have a way to contact these key resources as all the contact lists would be there on the network and the network is effectively shut-down due to a hack or cyber-attack. This exercise breathes life into the concepts and concerns and makes it real for the businesses.

Given that an attack of some kind is more than likely to occur at some point, focusing on both prevention and recovery can ensure that a business minimizes the opportunities for an attack and is prepared to recover from it as quickly as possible. 

Neumetric excels in cybersecurity, consulting & product organization, security cost reduction without compromising your security posture. We have come a long way with years of in-depth experience in handling security for organizations despite their size, industry, or demographics. This has made it easier for us to quickly execute cost-cutting activities, while you focus on the business objective of the organization.

What Makes Network Security So Important?

With our ever-increasing dependence on technology, it has become essential to secure every aspect of online data and information. The internet is growing and computer networks are becoming bigger and with this, Data Integrity has become one of the most crucial aspects for businesses to consider. But do you know why Network Security is so important today? Let’s have a look.

Importance of Network Security

When working over the internet, LAN, or other methods, Network Security is one of the most important aspects to consider, no matter how small or big your business is. The fact that there is no network immune to any cyber-attack, an efficient and stable Network Security Management can help you protect your client data.

A good Network Security System can reduce the risk of falling victim to data theft. It not only helps protect your workstations from harmful spyware but also ensures that your shared data is secure. Network Security infrastructure provides several levels of protection to prevent MitM [Man in the Middle] attacks. It breaks down the data into numerous parts, encrypts them, and transmits them through independent paths thus counteracting cases like eavesdropping.

While working over the internet, we tend to receive a lot of traffic and huge traffic can cause stability problems and vulnerabilities in the system. But Network Security promotes the reliability of the network. It prevents lagging and downtimes by constantly monitoring any suspicious transactions that can sabotage the system.

How do Things Go Wrong in Networks?

If your network is hacked, it can even put you out of business. This can lead to vandalism, where misleading information is planted into the system. This is one of the many tactics used by hackers. If the wrong information is planted in the system, your customers may feel misled and your company’s integrity will be called into question.

Faulty Network Security Systems can also lead damage to intellectual property, as hacking gives unauthorized access to the company’s or individual’s information.

For instance, Citibank Security Breach roughly affected 1% of its customers in the United States. If a hacker gets in and steals the blueprints, plans, and ideas, the business can actually miss out on being able to implement new designs & products and this may destroy the business or keep it stagnating.

The Cyber-Attack launched on a network can lead to crashing and the company can even experience revenue loss. The longer the network will stay down, the more revenue will be lost, and the business will begin to look unreliable and will potentially lose its credibility. Therefore, Network Security Management is of utmost importance.

Cyber Security Program

To protect your network from hackers, you’re going to need the right training to do so. Proper education about Cyber and Network Security can expose you to many common methods that hackers use to gain access to networks. To get your hands-on training, you will need to think beyond simple security methods, so as to keep highly-technical and well-organized cyber criminals at bay.

Some of the skills and training that you can expect within a cybersecurity program are.

  • Administer, manage and troubleshoot hardware, software, or services for multi and mixed-user environments.
  • Evaluate problems and monitor networks to ensure its availability to the users;
  • Identify customer needs and use the information to interpret, design and assess the network requirements.
  • Plan and Implement Network Security measures, install Security Software, and monitor networks for security breaches.

These programs prepare you to learn how to use cybersecurity measures to protect data in relation to safeguarding the information. With this, you can gain sufficient knowledge on how to monitor and defend networks by creating basic security procedures and policies.

Neumetric, a cybersecurity services, consulting & product organization, can help you reduce your security cost without compromising your security posture. Our years of in-depth experience in handling security for organizations of all sizes & in multiple industries make it easier for us to quickly execute cost-cutting activities that do not bring value to you, while you continue focusing on the business objectives of the Organization

The International Standard ISO 27001 For Your Organization

When it comes to keeping information assets secure, ISO 27001 is an international standard, published by the International Standardization Organization [ISO], that many organizations look forward to. Initially, developed based on the British standard BS 7799-2, it describes how to manage Information Security in an organization. The first revision of the standard was published in 2005, the next revision was published in 2013 and the latest revision (which is specifically a European version) was done in 2017, making it ISO/IEC 27001:2017.

A common misconception is that ISO 27001 is only for “large” organizations is neither true nor good! This international standard can be implemented in any kind of organization, small or large, private or state-owned, profit or non-profit. World’s best experts in the field of information security have written this Standard. It provides a methodology for the implementation of an Information Security Management System [ISMS] in an organization and enables it to become certified. This means that an independent Certifying Body has validated & confirmed that the organization has implemented an ISMS that is compliant with ISO 27001. Today, ISO 27001 has become the most popular information security standard globally and many organizations are certified in it.

How does ISO 27001 Work?

ISO 27001 aims at protecting the Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability, commonly known as “CIA Triad”, of the information in a business. This is done by finding out what possible problems can impact  the security of information, a process which is called “Risk Assessment”, and then describing what needs to be done to prevent it, which is called “Risk Treatment” or “Risk Mitigation”. This is why it is also commonly & rightly perceived that the main philosophy of ISO 27001 is based on the concept of “managing risks”. It facilitates to find out where the risks exist and how they should be treated systematically.

The controls that should be implemented are in the form of Policies, Procedures, Processes, Tracking, Monitoring and Technical Implementation such as modification to equipment and software. In many scenarios, organizations already have the software and hardware in place, but they use them in an insecure manner and hence, the majority of the ISO 27001 implementations are about setting the organizational rules that are necessary to prevent security breaches. Since such implementation needs multiple Policies, Procedures, Processes, People and Assets to be managed, ISO 27001 has defined how to fit all these elements together in the ISMS. So, managing information security is not only about Antivirus and Firewalls, but it is about managing processes, managing human resources, legal protection, physical protection and much more.

What makes ISO 27001 Good for Your Organization?

An organization can achieve the following four (4) essential business benefits with the implementation of ISO 27001 Standard:

  1. Adherence to Legal Requirements: There are several regulations, laws and contractual requirements associated with information security, and most of them can be resolved by implementing ISO 27001. It provides the perfect model to comply with them all.
  2. Lower Costs: The idea behind ISO 27001 standards is to prevent security incidents from occurring, since every incident, small or large, costs money to the organization. Hence, by preventing them, an organization can save a lot of money. The investment in ISO 27001 certification is comparatively smaller than the cost savings you will achieve.
  3. Achieving Marketing Advantage: In case, your organization obtains the ISO 27001 certification while your competitors do not, then you will have an advantage over them in the eyes of your Clients & Customers, who are sensitive about keeping their information safe.
  4. Better Organization: Usually, fast-growing organizations do not have time to stop and define their procedures and processes. As a result, very often Employees do not know what needs to be done, who will do it and when it should be done. ISO 27001 implementation facilitates resolving such situations since it encourages organizations to write down their main processes and enables them to reduce the lost time of their workforce.

ISO 27001 Standard

ISO 27001 contains 11 Clauses and an Annex A. Clauses 0 to 3 are not mandatory for implementation since they are introductory in nature. Clauses 4 to 10 are mandatory, which means all their requirements must be implemented in an organization if it wishes to be compliant with the Standard. Controls from Annex A should be implemented only if confirmed as applicable in the Statement of Applicability.

  • Clause0: Introduction: Defines the purpose of ISO 27001 and its compatibility with other management standards.
  • Clause1: Scope: Defines that the standard is applicable to any organization.
  • Clause2: Normative References: Introduces ISO/IEC 27000 as a standard where terms and definitions are provided.
  • Clause3: Terms and Definitions: Introduces ISO/IEC 27000.
  • Clause4: Context of the Organization: It is a part of the Plan phase in the Plan-Do-Check-Act [PDCA] cycle that defines requirements for understanding internal and external issues, interested parties and their requirements, along with describing the ISMS scope.
  • Clause5: Leadership: This Clause describes top management responsibilities, setting the roles, and contents of the top level Information security policy.
  • Clause6: Planning: It describes the requirements for risk assessment, risk treatment, Statement of Applicability, risk treatment plan, and setting the objectives of information security.
  • Clause7: Support: It describes the requirements for availability of resources, awareness, competences, communication, and control of documents and records.
  • Clause8: Operation: It is a part of the Do phase in the PDCA cycle that determines the implementation of risk assessment and treatment, along with controls and other processes required to achieve information security objectives.
  • Clause9: Performance Evaluation: It is a part of the check phase in the plan–do–check–act cycle. It describes the requirements for measurement, monitoring, evaluation, analysis, internal audit and management review.
  • Clause10: Improvement: This is a part of the Act phase that defines requirements for corrections, nonconformities, corrective actions and continual improvement.
  • Annex A: It provides a catalogue of 114 Controls grouped into 14 Control Sets (A.5 to A.18) which are based on the reference standard ISO 27002.

According to Annex SL of the International Organization for Standardization ISO/IEC Directives, Clause titles in ISO 27001 are the same as in ISO 22301:2012, in the new ISO 9001:2015, and other management standards. This will enable easier integration of these standards.

Implementing ISO 27001 Standard

You need to follow these steps to implement the ISO 27001 standard in your organization

  1. Obtain the support of your  Top Management.
  2. Use a Project Management methodology
.
  3. Define the scope of your ISMS.
  4. Prepare the top-level Information Security Policy
.
  5. Describe the Statement of Applicability
.
  6. Define the Risk Assessment Methodology.

  7. Perform a Risk Assessment
  8. Define the Risk Treatment Plan
.
  9. Treat the identified Risks.
  10. Describe how you will measure the effectiveness of your controls and the ISMS
.
  11. Implement all applicable Controls and Procedures
.
  12. Execute training and awareness programs
 for information security.
  13. Perform daily operations as defined by the ISMS documentation
.
  14. Monitor and measure the ISMS
.
  15. Perform an Internal Audit
.
  16. Perform Management Review
 to keep your Top Management updated about the ISMS.
  17. Enforce corrective actions as necessary.

Obtaining ISO 27001 Certification

Organizations can obtain their certification by proving that they are compliant with all the mandatory Clauses of the ISO 27001 Standard.

Certification Audit is performed by an accredited  “Certifying Body”. The certification audit, which is known as the “External Audit” is performed in three  Stages.

  1. Stage 1 Audit: This covers the Documentation review, where the Auditor reviews the ISMS documentation.
  2. Stage 2 Audit: This is the stage where an Auditor will conduct an onsite audit to check if all the activities in an organization are compliant with ISO 27001 and ISMS documentation or not.
  3. Stage 3: This stage refers to Surveillance visits. Once the ISO 27001 Certificate is issued, during its 3-year validity, the Auditor will check whether the organization is maintaining its ISMS or not.

Neumetric, a cyber security services, consulting & products organization, can help you reduce your security cost without compromising your security posture. Our years of in-depth experience in handling security for organizations of all sizes & in multiple industries make it easier for us to quickly execute cost-cutting activities that do not bring value to you, while you continue focusing on the business objectives of the Organization.

All That You Need to Know about ISO 27001:2013 and ISO 27001:2017

When it comes to keeping information assets secure, ISO 27001 is an international standard, published by the International Standardization Organization [ISO], that many organizations look forward to. Initially, developed based on the British standard BS 7799-2, it describes how to manage Information Security in an organization. The first revision of the standard was published in 2005, the next revision was published in 2013 and the latest revision (which is specifically an European version) was done in 2017, making it ISO/IEC 27001:2017.

A common misconception is that  ISO 27001 is only for “large” organizations is neither true nor good! This international standard can be implemented in any kind of organization, small or large, private or state-owned, profit or non-profit. World’s best experts in the field of information security have written this Standard. It provides a methodology for the implementation of an Information Security Management System [ISMS] in an organization and enables it to become certified. This means that an independent Certifying Body has validated & confirmed  that the organization has implemented an ISMS that is compliant with ISO 27001. Today, ISO 27001 has become the most popular information security standard globally and many organizations are certified in it.

How does ISO 27001 Work?

ISO 27001 aims at protecting the Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability, commonly known as “CIA Triad”, of the information in a business. This is done by finding out what possible problems can impact  the security of information, a process which is called “Risk Assessment”, and then describing what needs to be done to prevent it, which is called “Risk Treatment” or “Risk Mitigation”. This is why it is also commonly & rightly perceived that the main philosophy of ISO 27001 is based on the concept of “managing risks”. It facilitates to find out where the risks exist and how they should be treated systematically.

The controls that should be implemented are in the form of Policies, Procedures, Processes, Tracking, Monitoring and technical implementation such as modification to equipment and software. In many scenarios, organizations already have the software and hardware in place, but they use them in an insecure manner and hence, the majority of the ISO 27001 implementations are about setting the organizational rules that are necessary to prevent security breaches. Since such implementation needs multiple Policies, Procedures, Processes, People and Assets to be managed, ISO 27001 has defined how to fit all these elements together in the ISMS. So, managing information security is not only about Antivirus and Firewalls, but it is about managing processes, managing human resources, legal protection, physical protection and much more.

What Makes ISO/IEC 27001 Good for Your Organization?

An organization can achieve the following four (4) essential business benefits with the implementation of ISO 27001 Standard:

  1. Adherence to Legal Requirements: There are several regulations, laws and contractual requirements associated with information security, and most of them can be resolved by implementing ISO 27001. It provides the perfect model to comply with them all.
  2. Lower Costs: The idea behind ISO 27001 standards is to prevent security incidents from occurring, since every incident, small or large, costs money to the organization. Hence, by preventing them, an organization can save a lot of money. The investment in ISO 27001 certification is comparatively smaller than the cost savings you will achieve.
  3. Achieving Marketing Advantage: In case, your organization obtains the ISO 27001 certification while your competitors do not, then you will have an advantage over them in the eyes of your Clients & Customers, who are sensitive about keeping their information safe.
  4. Better Organization: Usually, fast-growing organizations do not have time to stop and define their procedures and processes. As a result, very often Employees do not know what needs to be done, who will do it and when it should be done. ISO 27001 implementation facilitates resolving such situations since it encourages organizations to write down their main processes and enables them to reduce the lost time of their workforce.

ISO/IEC 27001 Standard

ISO 27001 contains 11 Clauses and an Annex A. Clauses 0 to 3 are not mandatory for implementation since they are introductory in nature. Clauses 4 to 10 are mandatory, which means all their requirements must be implemented in an organization if it wishes to be compliant with the Standard. Controls from Annex A should be implemented only if confirmed as applicable in the Statement of Applicability.

  • Clause0: Introduction: Defines the purpose of ISO 27001 and its compatibility with other management standards.
  • Clause1: Scope: Defines that the standard is applicable to any organization.
  • Clause2: Normative References: Introduces ISO/IEC 27000 as a standard where terms and definitions are provided.
  • Clause3: Terms and Definitions: Introduces ISO/IEC 27000.
  • Clause4: Context of the Organization: It is a part of the Plan phase in the Plan-Do-Check-Act [PDCA] cycle that defines requirements for understanding internal and external issues, interested parties and their requirements, along with describing the ISMS scope.
  • Clause5: Leadership: This Clause describes top management responsibilities, setting the roles, and contents of the top level Information security policy.
  • Clause6: Planning: It describes the requirements for risk assessment, risk treatment, Statement of Applicability, risk treatment plan, and setting the objectives of information security.
  • Clause7: Support: It describes the requirements for availability of resources, awareness, competences, communication, and control of documents and records.
  • Clause8: Operation: It is a part of the Do phase in the PDCA cycle that determines the implementation of risk assessment and treatment, along with controls and other processes required to achieve information security objectives.
  • Clause9: Performance Evaluation: It is a part of the check phase in the plan–do–check–act cycle. It describes the requirements for measurement, monitoring, evaluation, analysis, internal audit and management review.
  • Clause10: Improvement: This is a part of the Act phase that defines requirements for corrections, nonconformities, corrective actions and continual improvement.
  • Annex A: It provides a catalogue of 114 Controls grouped into 14 Control Sets (A.5 to A.18) which are based on the reference standard ISO 27002.

According to Annex SL of the International Organization for Standardization ISO/IEC Directives, Clause titles in ISO 27001 are the same as in ISO 22301:2012, in the new ISO 9001:2015, and other management standards. This will enable easier integration of these standards.

Implementing ISO/IEC 27001 Standard

You need to follow these steps to implement the ISO 27001 standard in your organization

  1. Obtain the support of your  Top Management.
  2. Use a Project Management methodology
.
  3. Define the scope of your ISMS.
  4. Prepare the top-level Information Security Policy
.
  5. Describe the Statement of Applicability
.
  6. Define the Risk Assessment Methodology.

  7. Perform a Risk Assessment
  8. Define the Risk Treatment Plan
.
  9. Treat the identified Risks.
  10. Describe how you will measure the effectiveness of your controls and the ISMS
.
  11. Implement all applicable Controls and Procedures
.
  12. Execute training and awareness programs
 for information security.
  13. Perform daily operations as defined by the ISMS documentation
.
  14. Monitor and measure the ISMS
.
  15. Perform an Internal Audit
.
  16. Perform Management Review
 to keep your Top Management updated about the ISMS.
  17. Enforce corrective actions as necessary.

Obtaining ISO 27001 Certification

Organizations can obtain their certification by proving that they are compliant with all the mandatory Clauses of the ISO 27001 Standard.

Certification Audit is performed by an accredited  “Certifying Body”. The certification audit, which is known as the “External Audit” is performed in three  Stages.

  1. Stage 1 Audit: This covers the Documentation review, where the Auditor reviews the ISMS documentation.
  2. Stage 2 Audit: This is the stage where an Auditor will conduct an onsite audit to check if all the activities in an organization are compliant with ISO 27001 and ISMS documentation or not.
  3. Stage 3: This stage refers to Surveillance visits. Once the ISO 27001 Certificate is issued, during its 3-year validity, the Auditor will check whether the organization is maintaining its ISMS or not.

For individuals to become certified, they can go for several courses, but the most popular are:

  1. ISO 27001 Lead Auditor Course – It’s a 5-day course wherein individuals can learn how to perform certification audits and is intended for consultants and auditors.
  2. ISO 27001 Lead Implementer Course – It’s a 5-day course wherein individuals can learn how to implement the standard. It is intended for consultants and information security practitioners.
  3. ISO 27001 Internal Auditor Course – It’s a 2-3 day course wherein individuals can learn the basics of the standard and how to perform an internal audit. This course is aimed for beginners and internal auditors.

Neumetric, a cybersecurity services, consulting & products company based in Bangalore, recommends that certified compliance with ISO 27001 by an accredited and respected Certification Body is entirely optional. However, this is increasingly being demanded by Clients, Business Partners and Organizations that are concerned about the security of their information, and about information Security throughout the supply chain.

What is PCI DSS & how to become Compliant?

While data breaches and data theft are becoming very common, and negatively impacting all payments parties in different ways, PCI Security Standards Council has developed the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard [PCI DSS], which helps secure and protect the entire payment card ecosystem. From retailers to consumers to banks, any company that processes cardholder data, commonly known as “CHD” in PCI DSS parlance, must comply with the PCI DSS Compliance.

Although PCI DSS is a global standard, it is not mandated by any law anywhere in the world. However, all countries have some variation of regulation surrounding cardholder data and non-compliance sometimes results in hefty fines for the company.

So why is it so important to comply with PCI DSS?

Importance of PCI DSS Compliance

Compliance with the PCI DSS Standard is very crucial. It means that you are taking appropriate steps to protect cardholder data from cyber-theft and fraudulent abuse. It can have a deeper impact on your business as it does to the customers because a cyber-attack can mean a potential loss of revenue, brand reputation, trust, and customers.

For small businesses that are less equipped to implement security measures, data breaches have become a regular occurrence for them. For instance, in the UK, an Information Security Breach Survey done a few years back indicated that 74% of small organizations reported a security breach in a year. Keeping this fact in mind, it has become more important than ever to undertake responsibility for your customer’s data and ensure that you make the right provisions to keep it secure.

How to Become PCI DSS Compliant?

For any company that wants to become PCI DSS compliant first needs to understand how payment data is captured, stored, and organized. Some companies even use a fully hosted solution to manage this.

Compliance is usually measured by the Service Provider, completing an audit of their cardholder data environment against the standard. Compliance validation is performed by a Qualified Security Assessor [QSA], or by an Internal Security Assessor [ISA]) or by a Self-Assessment Questionnaire [SAQ] for small companies with lesser volumes of cardholder data.

As defined by IT Governance, PCI DSS requires member service providers [MSP] and merchants involved with storing, processing, or transmitting cardholder data to:

Form and maintain a secure IT network;

  • Safeguard cardholder data;
  • Maintain a Vulnerability Management Program;
  • Enable strong access control measures;
  • Regularly check and test networks;
  • Maintain an Information Security Policy.

These elements are further broken down into 12 Requirements of PCI DSS that every MSP or merchant must follow in order to be PCI DSS compliant.

 

  1. Installing and maintaining a firewall configuration for protecting cardholder data.
  2. Never use vendor-supplied default passwords for systems and other security parameters.
  3. Protecting stored cardholder data. This includes procedures, policies, and processes to keep and dispose of data, so as to make sure that it is always up-to-date and accurate. Data like contents of the magnetic strip, personal identification number, or card verification number should never be stored. Encryption can help keep cardholder data secure.
  4. Transmission of cardholder data across all open public networks should be encrypted. For instance, the internet, wireless technologies like GPRS, Bluetooth, and satellite communications.
  5. Protecting systems against malware and regularly updating antivirus programs to mitigate against Trojans, viruses, and worms is very important. Antivirus software programs should be properly implemented, maintained, and kept running.
  6. Developing and maintaining secure systems and applications for safeguarding against the latest vulnerabilities at all times.
  7. Processes and systems should be put into place for who can have access to this data and why they require access. Access should be provided to only those who need it to perform their role. Otherwise, there should be restricted access to cardholder data by business need-to-know
  8. Every user with computer access should be assigned a unique ID. This ensures that you know who is accessing what data at any time and only people with proper authorization are allowed in specific systems. Proper authorization can be ensured by using two-factor authentication that increases security like tokens, smart cards, or biometrics.
  9. Physical access should be restricted to cardholder data. Proper care should be taken to ensure access to physical records is limited and monitored. Data centers and server rooms should be restricted, media should be destroyed and devices that carry data should be protected from tampering.
  10. All-access to network resources and cardholder data should be tracked and monitored. To detect and minimize the risk of a data breach logging all access is necessary. Secure and controlled audit trails must be implemented for logging all actions from users including privileges, access to data, invalid login attempts, and changes to authentication mechanisms like deletion of objects. These logs must be regularly reviewed.
  11. Security systems and processes should be regularly tested. Penetration testing is a crucial aspect of IT security team’s tools and should be carried out after any significant changes to the network, like vulnerability scans, network topology, and firewall maintenance.
  12. A policy should be maintained to address information security for contractors and employees. It should be reviewed twice annually and updated according to any new risk environment. A risk assessment must be carried out for identifying any vulnerabilities or threats so that the policy and incident response plan can be formed. Post that, an awareness program should be implemented to share and update staff of any new security protocol.

Neumetric, a cyber security services, consulting & products organization, can help you reduce your security cost without compromising your security posture. Our years of in-depth experience in handling security for organizations of all sizes & in multiple industries make it easier for us to quickly execute cost-cutting activities that do not bring value to you, while you continue focusing on the business objectives of the Organization.

Non-Disclosure Agreements & Employee Rights

NDAs have a “Confidentiality” clause or “Non-disparagement” provision, according to which, current or former Employees are prohibited from speaking negatively about their Company and disclosing their experience, specially if the experience is negative. If an Employee violates these clauses then they risk facing hefty fines or retaliation and because of this 87 to 94 percent of victims never come forward to report an incident or their abuser.

Continue Reading
Scroll to top